Psychoanalytikerinnen. Biografisches Lexikon

Women Psychoanalysts in Great Britain


Hilda Abraham (Germany)
Enid Balint
Dorothea Helen Ball
Mary Barkas
Agnes Bene-Moses
Ivy Bennett (Australia)
Esther Bick
Augusta Bonnard
Marjorie Brierley
Marion Burgner
Dorothy Burlingham (Austria)
Mary Chadwick
Nina Coltart
Rose Edgcumbe
Elizabeth Foulkes
Liselotte Frankl
Marjorie Franklin
Anna Freud (Austria)
Kate Friedländer
Alice Goldberger
Iseult Grant Duff
Meena Battiscombe Gunn
Victoria Hamilton
Martha Harris
Lisbeth Hearst
Paula Heimann
Ilse Hellman
Ethilda Budgett Meakin Herford
Juliet Hopkins
Susan Isaacs
Betty Joseph
Hansi Kennedy
Pearl King
Melanie Klein
Barbara Lantos
Eglé Laufer
Hilde Lewinsky
Margaret I. Little
Constance Long
Barbara Low
Hilde Maas (Germany)
Julia Mannheim
Isabel Menzies Lyth
Merrell Middlemore
Marion Milner
Juliet Mitchell
Adele Mittwoch
Lois Munro
Jessie Murray
Edna Oakeshott
Edna O'Shaughnessy
Grace W. Pailthorpe
Sylvia Payne
Irma Brenman Pick
Dinora Pines
Ruth Riesenberg-Malcolm
Joan Riviere
Anne-Marie Sandler
Melitta Schmideberg
Anneliese Schnurmann
Nina Searl
Hanna Segal
Ilse Seglow
Ella Freeman Sharpe
Helen Sheehan-Dare
Elizabeth Bott Spillius
Karin Stephen
Alix Strachey
Ruth Thomas
Margret Tönnesmann
Julia Turner
Frances Tustin
Clare Winnicott
Elizabeth Zetzel (USA)

In addition to her activities at the Psychoanalytic Institute, which Barbara Low served as its librarian for several years, she was a co-director of Imago Publishing Company and a lecturer and therapist at the Institute for the Study and Treatment of Delinquency. During her last years she retired from public life and lived with her older sister Florence, who also remained unmarried, in Hampstead Garden Suburb.

Julia and Karl Mannheim emigrated via Holland to England. In London Julia Mannheim continued her psychoanalytic training and became a member of the British Psychoanalytical Society in 1944. In addition to her private praxis as a psychoanalyst and her teaching activity in Anna Freud's Child-Therapy Course, she devoted herself after her husband's death to the editing of his writings. Her promising membership paper on the case of a female drug addict was destined to be her only analytical publication, when she died at the age of 60.

In 1940 Pailthorpe and Mednikoff left England for New York and moved to Vancouver, Canada, in 1942. In 1947 they returned to England. In the beginning of the 1950s, Grace Pailthorpe set up private practice as an analyst in London and established along with Mednikoff the first art therapy school in Dorking. In the 1960s they turned to Eastern mysticism. Grace Pailthorpe died of cancer at the age of 89.

Alix Strachey was particularly interested in the psychosocial conditions relating to war, to which belonged the behaviour of people in groups. In her book The Unconscious Motives of War she described the regressive and potentially destructive group mentality, on which institutions like public schools, the church, the army and the national sovereign state were based: The person in a group loses his super-ego and an external authority takes its place. The group induces an unrealistic state of mind, and indifference as well as outright hostility to those outside the group. Strachey believed that knowledge of the theory of psychoanalysis might moderate such destructive tendencies.

© 2007-2019  Brigitte Nölleke       Last update: 2019-07-23       Impressum