Psychoanalytikerinnen. Biografisches Lexikon

Women Psychoanalysts in Hungary

Geschichte

Alice Balint
Charlotte Balkányi
Therese Benedek (Deutschland)
Aranka Böhm
Margit Dubovitz
Judith Dupont (France)
Izette de Forest (USA)
Edith Gyömröi
Lilly Hajdu
Fanny Hann-Kende
Alice Hermann
Margit Herz (Österreich)
Erzsébet Kardos
Melanie Klein (Great Britain)
Vilma Kovács
Barbara Lantos (Great Britain)
Klara Lázár-Gerö (Australia)
Kata Lévy
Lucy Liebermann
Magda Ligeti
Vera Ligeti (Österreich)
Margaret Mahler (USA)
Julia Mannheim (Great Britain)
Livia Nemes
Erzsébet Révész Radó
Vera Roboz (Australia)
Lillian Rotter
Clara Thompson (USA)
Maria Torok (France)
Katarina Vértes (Skandinavien)
Lilla Vészi-Wagner
Rosa Walk (Österreich)








In 1956 Gyömroi and her husband moved to London, where she became a member of the British Psychoanalytical Society and practised as an analyst until she was 80. She joined the staff of Anna Freud's Hampstead Clinic, working there as a training- and control analyst. One of her training analysands was Anne-Marie Sandler. Probably best known among her published studies was The analysis of a young concentration camp victim (1963), a case study about a Jewish woman, who had survived Auschwitz in a group of children and suffered from identity disorders in her adolescence. Edith Gyömröi also wrote poems, short stories and novels.



Lilly Hajdu was an early proponent of combining individual analysis with family and group therapy. Her interest focussed on the origins and treatment of schizophrenia. She was one of the first to establish a causal link between the familiar psychodynamic processes and the development of schizophrenia. In her essay Contributions to the etiology of schizophrenia, published in 1940, she formulated the thesis that traumatic experiences of hunger in infancy could be a cause of schizophrenia. She underlined the role of two key factors for the development of schizophrenia: a cold and sadistic mother and a passive, indifferent father.
In her opinion, schizophrenia could be treated with the methods of psychoanalysis by taking account of Sándor Ferenczi's theoretical concepts. In one of her studies (1933) she summarised the dominant features in the psychoanalytic treatment of schizophrenia, based on Anna Freud's concept of an analogy between psychotic acting and children's play, and Ferenczi's ideas about the period of omnipotence by magic gestures.



In 1938 Fanny Hann-Kende emigrated to the United States. She became a member of the New York Psychoanalytic Society and Institute in 1943 and a training analyst in 1948. From 1948 until her death, she was an associate in psychiatry at Columbia University and an associate attending at the university's Psychoanalytic Clinic for Training and Research. At that time Ruth Easser was one of her training analysands.
Fanny Hann-Kende died of colon cancer shortly before her sixty-first birthday.























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